The most ancient sacred texts which is a collection of hymns and other ancient religious texts written in India between about 1500 and 1000 BC are known as “Vedas”. These Vedas are written in Sanskrit and considered the most ancient and sacred scriptures of all in Hinduism. Hinduism does not just have one sacred book but several scriptures. The Vedas are the scriptures that guide Hindus in their daily life. They also help us to preserve the religious dimensions of our family and society as a whole. Holy hymns and Sanskrit mantras were put together in four collections known as Rig veda, Yajur veda, Atharva veda and Sama veda. For thousands of years they were passed on orally from one generation to generation.
- Rig-Veda – This is the most important and oldest of the Vedas. It is divided into ten books (called mandalas) and has 1028 hymns in praise of various deities.
- Sama-Veda – Sama veda is purely a collection of melodies to be sung during worship. The hymns in the Sama Veda, used as musical notes, were almost completely drawn from the Rig Veda and have no distinctive lesson of their own.
- Yajur-Veda – This is a priestly handbook for use in the performance of yajnas (sacrifices) It is divided into two sections, the earlier “black” and the more recent “white”.
- Atharva-Veda – It consists of “Knowledge of the Magic formulas”, named after a kind of group of priests.
We will write more about the individual Vedas in next post. Till then Stay Happy and Stay Blessed.