Food is the fuel required for providing energy to our body. When we intake food, it is digested by our digestive system and complex organic compounds are broken down into simpler form that can be used to derive energy to carry out all the metabolic activities of the body. Thus, food is very important for our body to work and grow properly.
Food can be both healthy and unhealthy. Healthy food comprises of fresh fruits, vegetables, meat, cereals, dairy products, etc that are cooked or raw while unhealthy food are the food loaded with white salt or sugar, processed and packaged that provide excess calories to the body. It is extremely important to distinguish between good food and bad food so that only good calories enter our body.
Eating healthy or having a balanced diet is the key for a healthy lifestyle. It is said that our body reflects what we eat on daily basis. Unhealthy eating habit is responsible for obesity and other lifestyle disorders. According to a report by National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), available on Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2015-2016, the prevalence of obesity is 39.8% among adults in which higher percentage of adults are from 40-59 years old (1). Unhealthy eating habit adds to lethargy in our life and increases the stress level.
Nutrition plays a major role in the proper growth of our body. Therefore, it is very important to have a diet full of nutrition that helps our body to grow and flourish properly. A nutritional diet if consumed every day, reduces the chances of lifestyle disorders such as obesity, chronic heart diseases, blood pressure and diabetes. Healthy eating leads to a healthy body with right weight and BMI (Body Mass Index). A healthy body has a healthy mind and a satisfied soul as it helps in energizing the body with positivity.
For obtaining proper nutrition from the food, a variety of cereals, fruits and vegetables should be included in our diet everyday. Eating a variety of food is very important to get the proper nutrients. People who eat one kind of food everyday become deficient in some minerals and vitamins. Thus, a well balanced diet is important to get the required amount of nutrients.
Eating healthy does not only refer to the calorie intake but also means what nutrients we give to our body. A balanced diet is a combination of both micronutrients and macronutrients. Micronutrients are iron, vitamin A, iodine, zinc, etc that is found deficient in approximately one-third of the world’s population, according to Global Report, 2009 (2). Deficiency of micronutrients leads to serious consequences.
Calories are also an important part of our healthy diet as counting calories help us in maintaining a healthy weight. The amount of calories vary with the age, lifestyle and gender. A person leading a sedentary life needs less calories than a physically active person. An adult male needs more calories than an adult female. How much calorie a person needs is determined by his/her BMI.
A balanced diet provides the adequate energy to carry out all the metabolic activities that takes place inside our body. Healthy and good nutrients keep our body healthy and repair any damages that have occurred in the body.
If you are determined to have a healthy lifestyle, the first thing you need to do is to give good nutrition to your body. Good nutrition is the first step in reducing obesity and risk of any chronic diseases at younger ages. Making good effort in right direction such as eating health and being active everyday are small steps in achieving a milestone.